In this lesson, we will learn about conditional with the different four verb types. The conditional is a contemplation of actions that should be completed as is the case with -zquia and those that should have been completed from the past tense with -tozquia.
We add –zquia to the root of the verb except to those from class 3 with endings on –ia o –oa drop the final a, before adding -zquia. Finally, –zquia is for singular subjects and –zquiah is for plural subjects.
Cequin tlamanextili tlen -zquia // Some examples with -zquia
Maltia / to shower
Nimaltizquia / I should shower / I would shower
Timaltizquia / you should shower / you would shower
Maltizquia / she/he should shower / he/she would shower
Timaltizquiah / we should shower / we would shower
Inmaltizquiah / you all should shower / you all would shower
Maltizquiah / they should shower / they would shower
Ej. Naman nimaltizquia zampampa axcanah nimaltiz pampa tlahuel tlaceceya. // I should shower or I would shower but I cannot shower because it is cold.
choca – nichocazquia / I would cry
itta – niquittazquia / I would see
oni – ticonizquiah / We would drink
cuapa – nicuapazquia / I would return
We add -tozquia to the verbs in the class 1, 2, and 4 when time is stative verbs –toc in its singular form and –toqueh in the plural. Class 3 verbs that end in –ia and -oa drop the final vowel a before adding tozquia. Then we add the suffix, –Ø for singular subjects and -h for plural. –tozquia emphasizes an action that would have been completed from the past.
Cequin tlamanextili tlen -tozquia // Algunos ejemplos con -tozquia
maltia / to shower
Nimaltihtozquia / I would have showered
Timaltihtozquia / you would have showered
Imaltihtozquia / he/she would have showered
Timaltihtozquiah / we would have showered
Inmaltihtozquiah / you all would have showered
maltihtozquiah / they would have showered
Ej. Maria imaltihtozquia zampampa axoncayaya atl. // Maria would have showered but there was no water.
maltia – Nimaltihtozquia / I would have showered
oni – niconitozquia / I would have drank
cuapa – icuaptozquia / She/ he would have returned
itztoc/ tiitztozquiah / we would have been
tlachpana / to sweep
cua / to eat
oni / to drink
itta / to see
tlamachtia / to teach
Write 5 sentences with -zquia and 5 sentences with -tozquia. Use the following verbs.