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Tlamachtiliztli 4

TlapannextiliztliIntroduction

In this lesson you will learn the vocabulary of basic colors and the numbers 0-20, which are the most used in Nahuatl. You will answer basic questions with these terms in order to learn them better.

 

Note: Images in this lesson are CC BY Sabina and Catalina Cruz

Yancuic Tlahtolli tlen TlamachtiliztliNew vocabulary

Quēn moillia īxnēzcayōtl (How to say the names of basic colors)

  chipāhuac     “white”

 

  yayahuīc     “black”

 

  cafentic     “brown”

 

     tzictic     “blue”

 

  tenextic     “grey”

 

  chīchīltic     “red”

 

   xoxoctīc     “green”

 

  cōztic     “yellow”

 

  camohtic     “purple”

 

  cuicuiltic     “multi-color”

Multi Color Rainbow Background Free Stock Photo - Public Domain ...

 

 

Tlahtlaniliztli ica ixnezcayotl (Questions with the colors)

¿Tlen īīxnēzca āmatl?

What color is your paper?

Īīxnēzca…

Its color is…

 

¿Tlen īxnēzcayōtl ticāmati?

What color do you like?

Na nicāmati īxnēzcayōtl…

I like the color…

 

¿Tlen īīxnēzca mopantalon?

What color are your pants?

Īīxnēzca…

Their color is…

 

¿Tlen īīxnēzca mocoton?

What color is your shirt?

Īīxnēzcaa…

Its color is…

 

¿Tlen īīxnēzca xīhuitl?

What color is the leaf?

Īīxnēzca…

Its color is…

 

¿Tlen īīxnēzca xōchitl?

What color is the flower?

Īīxnēzca…

Īīxnēzca…

 

Tlapōhualiztli ītōcah, yonce — mahtlactli (The numbers, 0-10)

  yonce     “zero”

  cē     “one”

 

 ōme     “two”

 

 ēyi     “three”

Robin Nest. Now there's 3 eggs.

  nahui     “four”

 

  mācuilli     “five”

 

  chicuacē     “six”

 

  chicōme     “seven”

 

  chicuēyi     “eight”

 

  chiucnahui     “nine”

 

  mahtlactli     “ten”

 

Tlahtlaniliztli īcā tlapōhualiztli (Questions with the numbers)

¿Quezqui tlaxcalli etloc pan cōmalli?

How many tortillas are on the pan?

Eltoc cē tlaxcalli.

There is one tortilla.

 

¿Quezqui chichiquilli oncah huan tlen īīxnēzca?

How many tamales are there and what is their color?

Oncah ōme chichiquilli huan īixnēzca xoxoctīc.

There are two tamales and their color is green.

 

¿Quezqui tēcciztli eltoc huan tlen īīxnēzca?

How many eggs are there and what is their color?

Eltoc ēyi tēcciztli, cē īīxnēzca tzictic

There are three eggs, and their color is blue.

 

¿Quezqui ahāhuilli eltoc?

How many toys are there?

Nahui ahāhuilli.

Four toys.

 

¿Quēzqui cuaxilotl eltoc huan tlen īīxnezca?

How many bananas are their and what is their color?

Eltoc mācuilli cuaxilotl huan īīxnēzca cōztic.

There are five bananas and their color is yellow.

 

¿Quezqui alaxox oncah huan tlen īīxnezca?

How many oranges are there and what is their color?

Oncah chicuacē alaxox huan īīxnēzca āchīlcōz.

There are six oranges and their color is orange.

 

¿Quēzqui manzanaz eltoc pan cuamezah?

How many apples are on the table?

Eltoc chicōme manzanaz.

There are six apples.

 

¿Quēzqui chalchocotl oncah huan tlen īīxnēzca?

How many guava are there and what is their color?

Oncah chicuēyi chalchocotl huan īīxnēzca cōztic.

There are eight guavas and their color is yellow.

 

¿Quēzqui āmoxtli eltoc pan īxcopincayōtl?

How many books are in the photo?

Eltoc chiucnahui āmoxtli.

There are nine books.

 

¿Quezqui ezferaz tiquitta?

How many bells do you see?

Niquitta mahtlactli ezferaz.

I see ten bells.

 

Tlapōhualiztli: mahtlactli huan cē — cēmpohualli (The names of the numbers, 11-20)

  mahtlactli huan cē     “eleven”

  mahtlactli huan ōme     “twelve”

  mahtlactli huan ēyi     “thirteen”

  mahtlactli huan nahui     “fourten”

  caxtōlli     “fifteen”

  caxtōlli huan cē     “sixteen”

caxtōlli huan ōme     “seventeen”

caxtōlli huan ēyi     “eighteen”

caxtōlli huan nahui     “nineteen”

  cēmpōhualli     “twenty”

 

Huēyi tlapōhualiztli (Big numbers)

  cēmpōhualli     “twenty”  (1 x 20)

ōmpōhualli     “fourty”  (2 x 20)

 ēpōhualli     “sixty”  (3 x 20)

  nauhpōhualli     “eighty”  (4 x 20)

  mācuilpōhualli     “one hundred”  (5 x 20)

Chantequitl tlen momachtianihPractice for Students

Xicnanquili tlahtlaniliztli (Respond to these questions)

¿Quēzqui xīhuitl ticpiya? How old are you?
¿Quēzqui tlicolli nicpiya? How many pencils/pens do I have?
¿Tlen īīxnēzca tlicolli? What color is the pencil/pen?
¿Quēzqui xōchitl quipiya? How many flowers does she have?
¿Tlen īīxnēzca xōchitl? What color is the flower?