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Tlamachtiliztli 24 Niihhuia pan altepetl Part 1 (I Had Gone to the City Part 1)


In this lesson we will see the grammatical structure of the first five irregular verbs. These are verbs that do not follow a regular model when their verbal base is conjugated with tense and number. In fact, there are some verbs that have completely different forms. The first five irregular verbs are the following:

/ya, yauh, yohui/     “to go”

/ihhuiya/     “to go” (had gone) only in the past tense

/hualla, huallauh, huallohui/     “to come”

/eli/     “to be, to become, to grow, to do something after all” (verbal base can be conjugated with all tenses, but only in singular number because it refers to inanimate objects)

/itztoc/     “to be in a place, to be in a certain state” (for human and animal subjects)


Interview with Mardonio Carballo CC BY Biblioteca de Investigación Juan de Córdova



Tlamanextilli ahahuiltiliztli tlen tlachihualiztli huan cequin tlahtolpamitl (Example of the conjugation of verbs and some sentences)

/ya, yauh, yohui/     “to go”


Niyauh     “I go”

Tiyauh     “You go”

Yohui     “She/he goes”

Tiyohuih     “We go”

Inyohuih     “You (plural) go”

Yohuih     “They go”


Niyahqui     “I went”

Tiyahqui     “You went”

Yahqui     “She/he went”

Tiyahqueh     “We went”

Inyahqueh     “You (plural) went”

Yahqueh     “They went”


Niyaz     “I will go”

Tiyaz     “You will go”

Yaz     “She/he will go”

Tiyazceh     “We will go”

Inyazceh     “You (plural) will go”

Yazceh     “They will go”


Niyohuiyaya     “I was going”

Tiyohuiyaya     “You were going”

Yohuiyaya     “She/he was going”

Tiyohuiyayah     “We were going”

Inyohuiyayah     “You (plural) were going”

Yohuiyayah     “They were going”


Niyazquia     “I should go”

Tiyazquia     “You should go”

Yazquia     “She/he should go”

Tiyazquiah     “We should go”

Inyazquiah     “You (plural) should go”

Yazquiah     “They should go”


Ma niyauh     “I go!”

Xiyauh     “Go!”

Ma yohui     “She/he goes!”

Ma tiyacan     “We go!”

Xiyacan     “You (plural) go!”

Ma yacan     “They go!”

Pablo yohui quiittati iyoltzin ce tiotlac.

Notatah yahqui millah cualcan huanya ichichi.

Nomimi mohmoztlah yohuiyaya mahuiltia caltlamachtihcan huanya itequipoyohuan.


/ihhuiya/     “to go” (had gone) only in the past tense

Niihhuia     “I had gone”

Tiihhuia     “You had gone”

Ihhuia     “She/he had gone”

Tiihhuiah     “We had gone”

Inihhuiah     “You (plural) had gone”

Ihhuiah     “The had gone”

Chicueyiya niihhuiya ichan nonanan pampa oncac tlaixpiyalli.


/hualla, huallauh, huallohui/     “to come”


Nihuallauh     “I come”

Tihuallauh     “You come”

Huallauh     “She/he comes”

Tihuallohuih     “We come”

Inhuallohuih     “You (plural) come”

Huallohuih     “They come”


Nihuallahqui     “I came”

Tihuallahqui     “You came”

Huallahqui          “She/he came”

Tihuallahqueh     “We came”

Inhuallahqueh     “You (plural) came”

Huallahqueh     “They came”


Nihuallaz     “I will come”

Tihuallaz     “You will come”

Huallaz     “She/he will come”

Tihuallazceh     “We will come”

Inhuallazceh     “You (plural) will come”

Huallazceh     “They will come”


Nihuallayaya     “I was coming”

Tihuallayaya     “You were coming”

Huallayaya     “She/he was coming”

Tihuallayayah     “We were coming”

Inhuallayayah     “You (plural) were coming”

Huallayayah     “They were coming”


Nihuallazquia     “I should come”

Tihuallazquia     “You should come”

Huallazquia     “She/he should come”

Tihuallazquiah     “We should come”

Inhuallazquiah     “You (plural) should come”

Huallazquiah     “They should come”


Ma nihuallauh     “I come!”

Xihuallauh     “Come!”

Ma huallauh     “She/he comes!”

Ma tihuallacan     “We come!”

Xihuallacan     “You (plural) come!”

Ma huallacan     “They come!”

Tochan huallauh ichocho Juana huanya mahuiltia imachicniuh.

Naman, huallohuih noicnihuan pampa titlacuazceh zancehco.

Pan chicueyi tonatiuh huallazceh notatahhuan pampa quizaz ce nochocho pan caltlamachtihcan.


/eli/     “to be, to become, to grow, to do something after all” (verbal base can be conjugated with all tenses, but only in singular number because it refers to inanimate objects)


Nielqui     “I was”

Tielqui     “You were”

Elqui     “She/he was”

Tielqueh     “We were”

Inelqueh     “You all were”

Elqueh     “They were”


Nieliz     “I will be”

Tieliz     “You will be”

Eliz     “She/he will be”

Tielizceh     “We will be”

Inelizceh     “You all will be”

Elizceh     “They will be”


Nieliyaya     “I was being”

Tieliyaya     “You were being”

Eliyaya     “She/he was being”

Tieliyayah     “We were being”

Ineliyayah     “You all were being”

Eliyayah     “They were being”


Nielizquia     “I should be”

Tielizquia     “You should be”

Elizquia     “She/he should be”

Tielizquiah     “We should be”

Inelizquiah     “You all should be”

Elizquiah     “They should be”


Ma nieli     “I am!”

Xieli     “Be!”

Ma eli     “You are!”

Ma tielican     “We are!”

Xielican     “You all are!”

Ma elican     “They are!”

Yehyectzin eli toctli notatah imillah. (Come to do something)

Juana iconeuh elqui tepahtihquetl quen ya quinequiyaya.

Carlos eli yaz ichan campa itztoqueh itatahhuan ni ilhuitl pampa quinequi quicuaz chichiquilli. (Doing something afterall)


/itztoc/     “to be in a place, to be in a certain state” (for human and animal subjects)


Niitztoc     “I am”

Tiitztoc     “You are”

Itztoc     “She/he is”

Tiitztoqueh     “We are”

Initztoqueh     “You all are”

Itztoqueh     “They are”


Niitztoya     “I was”

Tiitztoya     “You were”

Itztoya     “She/he was”

Tiitztoyah     “We were”

Initztoyah     “You all were”

Itztoyah     “They were”


Niitztoz     “I will be”

Tiitztoz     “You will be”

Itztoz     “She/he will be”

Tiitztozceh     “We will be”

Initztozceh     “You all will be”

Itztozceh     “They will be”


Niitztozquia     “I should be”

Tiitztozquia     “You should be”

Itztozquia     “She/he should be”

Tiitztozquiah     “We should be”

Initztozquiah     “You all should be”

Itztozquiah     “They should be”


Ma niitzto     “I be!”

Xiitzto     “You be!”

Ma itzto     “She/he be!”

Ma tiitztocan     “We be!”

Xiitztocan     “You all be!”

Ma itztocan     “They be!”

¿Quiniuhqui tiitztoc? Niciauhtoc. Niyolpactoc. Nicueciuhtoc. Nicualantoc.

¿Canin itztoqueh Pablo huan Lucia? Pedro huan Lucia itztoqueh monechca.

Chantequitl tlen momachtianihPractice for Students

Tequitl ce (Activity One): Write 5 sentences with of the verbs in whichever tense you would like