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Tlamachtiliztli 8 Noyollo (Possessive markers)


Possessive nouns have three types of words that can be declined. The first is the body; the second is the family; and the third are things that can be owned.

Possessive nouns are made up of three parts: a prefix marker that identifies the possessor; the substantive root word; and the singular or plural suffix marker. The possessive markers play a similar role that we saw with substantive absolute nouns (-tl, –tli, –li, -n, –Ø, –meh), in such a way that root words need subject markers and numeric suffixes. For example:

  cone – tl     “child”

  no – cone – uh     “my child”

  to – cone – huan     “our children”


Motocaxtilli tlen quipoz iteco (Possessive pronouns)

no – (substantive base) – ø /uh /hui

mo – (substantive base) – ø /uh /hui

i – (substantive base) – ø /uh /hui

to – (substantive base) – hua

inmo – (substantive base) – hua

inin – (substantive base) – hua


Tlamanextilli ica tlahtolli (Example with words)


  noconeuh     “my child”

  moconeuh     “your child”

  iconeuh     “her/his child”

  toconehuan     “our children”

  inmoconehuan     “your (plural) children”

  ininconehuan     “their children”



  nopitzo     “my pig”

  mopitzo     “your pig”

  ipitzo     “her/his pig”

  topitzohuan     “our pigs”

  inmopitzohuan     “your (plural) pigs”

  ininpitzohuan     “their pigs”


Tlamanextilli ica cequin pameh (Examples with sentences)

Noconehuan mohmoztlah yohuih caltlamachtiloyan.

Mi children go to school everyday.

María quicocoa iicxi pampa momaquilih.

The foot of Maria hurts because she hit herself.

Nopitzohuan quicuah miac cintli.

My pigs eat a lot of corn.

Felipe yohui millah huanya ichichi.

Felipe goes to the cornfield with his dog.


¿Tlen itocah achi tlen totlacayo? (What are the names of the parts of our body?)

Image CC BY Barry Langdon-Lassagne, labels added

  noixtiyol     “my eye”

  notzontecon     “my head”

  nonacaz     “my ear”

  noyacatzol     “my nose”

  nocamac     “my mouth”

  notzoncal     “my hair”


Image in the Public Domain, labels added

  nochichi     “my breast, chest”

  nomamolic     “my elbow”

  nomah     “my hand, arm”

  nomahpil     “my finger”

  nometz     “my leg”

  notlancuah     “my knee”

  noicxi     “my foot”

Yancuic Tlahtolli tlen TlamachtiliztliNew vocabulary

  cocoa    “to hurt”

  yauh (irregular verb)     “to go”

  yohui (irregular verb)     “to go”

  millah     “cornfield”

  mohmoztlah     “each day, every day”

  maquilia     “to hit”

  icxi     “foot”

  conetl     “child”

  pitzotl     “pig”

  huanya     “with, in the company of” (someone)

  mizton     “cat”

  tlacayo     “body”

  achi     “a little”

  tlahco     “middle, right measurement”

  tlatlahco     “in the middle”

  ixco     “on, over” (something)

  noahcol     “my shoulder”

  nocampan     “my cheek”

  nocuetlaxxo     “my skin”

  nocuitlapan     “my back”

  noicxiizti     “my toe nails”

  noicxopil     “my toe”

  noihti     “my stomach”

  noixihhuiyo     “my eyebrow”

  noixtenihhuiyo     “my eyelash”

  noixxayac     “my face”

  noizti     “my nail”

  nonenepil     “my tongue”

  nomapatlac     “my hand palm”

  noquechcuayo     “my neck”

  notlahcoyan     “my waist”

  notlancoch     “my tooth”

  notzintamal     “my butt”

  notzipiuh     “my belly button”

Chantequitl tlen momachtianihPractice for Students

Make sentences with the following words






Answer the following questions

1. Queniuhqui itocah tlen ica tinehnemi?

2. Queniuhqui itocah tlamantli tlen eltoc tlatlahco moihti?

3. Tlen itocah tlen eltoc iixco toquechcuayo?

4. Queniuhqui itocah totlacayo tlen ica ticcui ce tlamantli?

5. Tlen itocah tlen ica titlacuah?