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Tlamachtiliztli 32


In this unit, we will look into the non-specific human and non-human object prefixes tē- and tla-


Te– is a non-specific human object marker referring to humans, and  tla– is in turn a non specific non-human object marker.  It can refer to animals, plants, and inanimate things. At times, tla– can also refer to people.

Xiquittacān tlamanēxtilli īcā tē- // Let’s look at some examples with tē-

  • Maria mītztlamāca. / Maria feeds you.
  • Maria tētlamāca. / Maria feeds someone.
  • Notatah quipalehuia Tomás. / My dad helps Tomás.
  • Notatah tēpalehuia. / My dad helps people.
  • Juan quicahcayāhqui nopipi. / Juan lied to my sister.
  • Juan tēcahcayāhqui. / Juan lied to someone.

Xiquitta tlamanēxtilli īcā tla- // Let’s look at some examples with tla-

  • Nonanān tlachicuēnia chihchicuēyi. / My mom washes clothes every eight days.
  • Totahtzin tlanāmictia Chicōntepēc. / The priest marries in Chicontepec.
  • Felipe quiāmati tlaōniz. / Felipe likes to drink alcohol.
  • Nochichi quiāmati tlapēhuaz. / My dog likes to hunt.
  • Ne cahuayoh tlahuel etic itlamāmāl. / That horse’s load is heavy.
Chantequitl tlen momachtianihPractice for Students

Xicchīhua cequin tlamanēxtilli īcā tlahtolli tlen ticmati. / Create some examples using the verbs that you know.