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Tlamachtiliztli 11

TlapannextiliztliIntroduction

In this lesson we will learn Nahuatl greetings. People in Nahua towns of Chicontepec, greet each other by hand and they do not look each other in the eyes, especially between a man and a woman. In general, adults do not say each other’s firsts names when greeting.

 

TlamanextilliExample

Cihuatl ica Cihuatl

A: Nimītztlahpaloz ahui.

B: Aah (they greet each other), ¿tipaxaloti?

A: Quēna, niquittati noichpōcauh.

B: Ah, cualli.

A: Na niyohua.

B: Ooh.

 

Tlācatl īcā Tlācatl


A: Tlayi, nimītztlahpaloz.

B: Nimi7tztlahpaloz.

A: ¿Tlen ticchīhuaz mōztla?

B: Mōztla nipixcaz, ¿quēnque?

A: Pampa nicnequi niquittaz tlan hueliz tinēchpalehuia.

B: ¿Huan tlen ticchīhuaz?

A: Nitōcaz.

B: Axcanah nihueliz mōztla.

A: Huāccā timomelahuah

B: Timomelahuah.

 

Show/Hide English translation

Woman with woman

A: Greetings, aunt / ma’am.

B: Aahh, you are visiting?

A: Yes, I am seeing my teenage daughter.

B: Ah, good.

A: I am leaving now.

B: Ooh.

 

Man with man

A: Uncle / sir, greetings.

B: Greetings.

A: What are you doing tomorrow?

B: Tomorrow I harvest, why?

A: Because I need to see if you can help me.

B: And what are you doing?

A: I am planting corn.

B: I am not able tomorrow.

A: Then we will see each other later.

B: We will see each other.

TlahtoltecpanaliztliGrammar

 

Quēmman motlahpaloah moilliah (When you greet you say)

¿Tlen ticchīhua?     Nitlahtzoma.

¿Tlen inquichīhuah?     Titlahtzomah.

¿Titequiti?     Quēna, nitequiti.

¿Timociahcāhua?     Quēna. Nimociahcahua.

 

Quēmman mācēhualli zan quināhuatihtēhua cē ācahya īnechca quiillia (When you say farewell to someone near to you, you say)

Mācēhualli tlen tēnāhuatihtēhua quihtoa (The person saying farewell says)

A: Neca nionyāuh.

B: Niyōhua.

A: Tiyōhuihya.

Mācēhualli cihuātl tlanānquilia quihtoa (A woman responds by saying)

Huenoh.

O’ooh / A’aah / Ho’ooh.

 

Yancuic Tlahtolli tlen TlamachtiliztliNew vocabulary

 

  Aah     “phrase instead of saying nimitztlahpaloz”

  huenoh     “good”

  Nimītztlahpaloa     “I greet you”

  Niyōhua    “I am leaving”

  Ooh     “phrase in response to farewell” (woman to woman)

  palehuia    “to help”

  pixca     “to harvest”

  Piyali     “Hello” (at all times)

  teipan     “after”

  Timoittazceh     “We will see each other later”

  Timomelahuah     “We will see each other later” (man to man)

  Tiyohuihyah     “We are leaving”

  Mōztlayoc     “Until tomorrow”

Chantequitl tlen momachtianihPractice for Students

 

Titlanānquilia cequin tlahtlanliztli (Respond to the following greetings)

A: Niyōhua

B:

 

A: Tiyohuihya

B:

 

A: Piyalli

B:

 

A: Mōztlayoc

B:

 

A: Timomelahuah

B:

 

A: Niyōhua (Cihuātl īcā tlācatl)

B: