In this lesson we will learn the conjugation of verbs with specific objects. These verbs signal different objects of the subject, but they do not include reflexive objects. These verbs can only be conjugated with transitive verbs, which require an agent. Prefixes, in addition to present, future, and past tense, do not affect the incorporation of specific objects.
Ce tlapohualiztli (A story)
Nonanan techmaca cafen yahuatzinco, ticonih huanya notatah, quemman titlamih notatah quicui imacheteh, imorral, itzonecahuil, iauh huan yohui millah. Notatah nehnemi ce cahuitl huan ahci imillah huan pehua tequiti cemilhuitl. Tohhuantin iconehuan tiyohuih caltlamachtihcan, tlamachtianih techmachtiah caztiah tlahtolli. Nonanan mocahua tochan pehua tlachpana, tlaxcalchihua huan tlahcotona yohui techtlamaca.
Here we present the conjugation of verbs with specific objects in the present tense.
Using the third person singular as an object, where the subject prefix or the agent in the phrase manipulates something or directs themselves to “He/She/It.”
Ni – qui – (base verbal) – ø
Ti – qui – (base verbal) – ø
ø – Qui – (base verbal) – ø
Ti – qui – (base verbal) – h
In – qui – (base verbal) – h
ø – Qui – (base verbal) – h
Using the third person singular as a subject prefix, where “He/She/It directs themselves to something.
ø – Nech – (base verbal) – ø
ø – Mitz – (base verbal) – ø
ø – Tech – (base verbal) – ø
ø – Quin – (base verbal) – ø
Tlamanextilli ahahuiltiliztli tlen tlachihualiztli huan ce tlahtolpamitl (Example with the conjugation of verbs and a sentence)
/itta/ “to see”
Tohhuantin nochipa timitzittah quemman tiyauh caltlamachtihcan.
“We always see you when you go to school.”
/maquilia/ “to hit”
Inmohuantin ahachica inquimaquiliah inmoconeuh.
“You all hit your child all the time.”
/tequi/ “to cut”
Inihhuantin nechmacah alaxox tlen quitequih cacalican.
“They give me the oranges they cut behind the house.”
Conjugate the following verbs with each specific object, then write one sentence for each word.