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Tlamachtiliztli 13 Tlachihualiztli tlen quimanextia acquiya quichihua ce tlamantli (Verbs with specific object)


In this lesson we will learn the conjugation of verbs with specific objects. These verbs signal different objects of the subject, but they do not include reflexive objects. These verbs can only be conjugated with transitive verbs, which require an agent. Prefixes, in addition to present, future, and past tense, do not affect the incorporation of specific objects.


Ce tlapohualiztli (A story)

Nonanan techmaca cafen yahuatzinco, ticonih huanya notatah, quemman titlamih notatah quicui imacheteh, imorral, itzonecahuil, iauh huan yohui millah. Notatah nehnemi ce cahuitl huan ahci imillah huan pehua tequiti cemilhuitl. Tohhuantin iconehuan tiyohuih caltlamachtihcan, tlamachtianih techmachtiah caztiah tlahtolli. Nonanan mocahua tochan pehua tlachpana, tlaxcalchihua huan tlahcotona yohui techtlamaca.


Here we present the conjugation of verbs with specific objects in the present tense.

  /nech/     “to me”

  /mitz/     “to you”

  /c/     signals an object in third person singular; it has the sound of “j”, “h” or an aspiration when it appears before of the vowels “a”, “o”, and every consonant.

  /qu/     signals an object in third person singular; it has the sound of “k” when it appears before the vowels “e” and “i.”

  /qui/     signals an object in third person singular, in addition to the second and third person plural.

  /tech/     “to us”

  /mech/     “to you (plural)”

  /quin/     “to them”


Using the third person singular as an object, where the subject prefix or the agent in the phrase manipulates something or directs themselves to “He/She/It.”

Ni – qui – (base verbal) – ø

Ti – qui – (base verbal) – ø

ø – Qui – (base verbal) – ø

Ti – qui – (base verbal) – h

In – qui – (base verbal) – h

ø – Qui – (base verbal) – h


Using the third person singular as a subject prefix, where “He/She/It directs themselves to something.

ø – Nech – (base verbal) – ø

ø – Mitz – (base verbal) – ø

ø – Tech – (base verbal) – ø

ø – Quin – (base verbal) – ø


Tlamanextilli ahahuiltiliztli tlen tlachihualiztli huan ce tlahtolpamitl (Example with the conjugation of verbs and a sentence)

/itta/     “to see”

  Niquitta     “I see” (something)

  Tiquitta     “You see” (something)

  Quiitta    “He/she sees” (something)

  Tiquittah     “We see” (something)

  Inquiittah     “You (plural) see” (something)

  Quiittah     “They see” (something)


  Nechitta     “He/she/it sees me”

  Mitzitta     “He/she/it sees you”

  Techitta     “He/she/it see us”

  Mechitta     “He/she/it see you all”

  Quinitta     “He/she/it see them”


Tohhuantin nochipa timitzittah quemman tiyauh caltlamachtihcan.

“We always see you when you go to school.”


/maquilia/     “to hit”

  Nicmaquilia     “I hit” (something, someone)

  Ticmaquilia     “You hit” (something, someone)

  Quimaquilia     “He/she hits” (something, someone)

  Ticmaquiliah     “We hit” (something, someone)

  Inquimaquiliah     “You (plural) hit” (something, someone)

  Quimaquiliah     “They hit” (something, someone)


  Nechmaquilia     “He/she/it hits me”

  Mitzmaquilia     “He/she/it hits you”

  Techmaquilia     “He/she/it hits us”

  Mechmaquilia     “He/she/it hits you all”

  Quinmaquilia     “He/she/it hits them”


Inmohuantin ahachica inquimaquiliah inmoconeuh.

“You all hit your child all the time.”


/tequi/     “to cut”

  Nictequi     “I cut” (something)

  Tictequi     “You cut” (something)

  Quitequi     “He/she cuts” (something)

  Tictequih     “We cut” (something)

  Inquitequih     “You (plural) cut” (something)

  Quitequih     “They cut” (something)


  Nechtequi     “He/she/it cuts me”

  Mitztequi     “He/she/it cuts you”

  Techtequi     “He/she/it cuts us”

  Mechtequi     “He/she/it cuts you (plural)”

  Quintequi     “He/she/it cuts them”


Inihhuantin nechmacah alaxox tlen quitequih cacalican.

“They give me the oranges they cut behind the house.”


Chantequitl tlen momachtianihPractice for Students


Conjugate the following verbs with each specific object, then write one sentence for each word.